Poverty is a complex phenomenon with diverse economic and social dimensions. The concept of poverty differs according to countries, cultures and times. However, it is agreed that poverty is simply the inability to provide the minimum socially required and desired standard of living. It is the state of financial deprivation whose features include low consumption of food in terms of quality and quantity, poor health, low educational level and housing circumstances, inability to purchase durable goods and other financial assets and lack of reserve or security to face difficult cases such as illness, handicap, unemployment, disasters and crises.
Poverty in its general concept is the inability of the person to provide the necessary income to meet the basic needs (food, shelter, clothing, education, health and transport), which enables the individual to perform work in an acceptable manner.
This methodology, which relies on the methods of meeting the minimum basic needs of the individual and the household, consists of six main phases that can be summarized as follows:
First Phase: Estimating the daily calorie requirements for Jordanians, taking into consideration the physiological structure of the body: (by gender, age and weight in kilogram) in addition to taking into consideration the variance in daily physical activity undertaken by the individual based on individual characteristics data from the sample of the Household Expenditure and Income Survey – 2010.
Second Phase: Estimating the actual calorie intake by individuals through converting the quantities of consumed food items by the individuals (each in their household) into calories, using pre-prepared calorie conversion coefficients based on data and standards of the Food and Agriculture Organization, in addition to data from the Ministries of Health and Agriculture, and the Jordanian Food and Drug Corporation. These coefficients enable converting the food basket of the Jordanian consumers from quantities in kilogram to calories.
- Poverty Rate.
- Poverty Gap Ratio.
- Poverty Severity Ratio.
- Food(Extreme) Poverty Ratio.
- Absolute Poverty Line.
- Abject Poverty line.
- Nonfood Poverty line.
The status of poverty in Jordan, the quality of life index, the report on the development of quality of life in Jordan (multidimensional poverty index)