19.3 Unemployment Rate during the first Quarter of 2020

19.3 Unemployment Rate during the first Quarter of 2020

The Department of Statistics issued its quarterly report on the Unemployment Rate during the First quarter of 2020 : The following are the main results of this survey:

Unemployment:

  • The Unemployment Rate during the first quarter of 2020 has reached (19.3%) which means an increase by 0.3 percentage points compared with the first quarter of 2019.
  • The Unemployment Rate for males has reached (18.1%) during the first quarter of 2020 against (24.4) for females; the Unemployment Rate for males has increased by 1.7 percentage points while it has decreased by 4.5 percentage points for females compared with the first quarter of 2019.

The Unemployed:

  • The Survey results show that the Unemployment Rate is high among the university degree holders (Bachelor degree and higher divided by labor force for the same educational level) by 22.1% compared with the other educational levels.
  • The results also show that 50.8% of the Unemployed are secondary certificate holders and higher, and that 49.2% have less than secondary school qualifications.
  • Male Unemployed percentage of bachelor holders and higher was 24.8% against 70.7% for females which is varied according to educational level and sex.
  • The highest rate of Unemployment was recorded in the age group 15-19 and 20-24 years by 48.3% and 39.7% respectively.
  • On regional level the highest Rate of Unemployment was recorded in the middle region at 20.3% and the lowest rate was recorded in southern region at 17.6% (Note that the survey sample for this quarter of the year is represented at the regional level only).

The Employed:

  • The Employed rate among the age group (15 and above) is 27.8%.

 

  • The results show that about 60.2% of the employed males and 61.7% of the employed females are concentrated in the age group 20-39 years.
  • About half of the employed have less than secondary qualifications, 9.5% of the secondary level and 39.4% are higher than secondary level.
  • The results also show that about 83.1% of the employed are paid employees (80.2% for males against 95.4% for females).

 The Labor Force: (Employed & Unemployed):

 The results show a clear variation in the labor force distribution with regard to educational level and sex. It was found that about 60.2% of the total male labor force has less than secondary educational qualifications compared to 13.5% for females. The results indicate also that 64.1% of the total labor force among females has bachelor level or higher, compared with 23.7% for males.

  • The Crude Economic Activity Rate (i.e. labor force attributed to the total population) reached 23.8%.
  • The Refined Economic Participation Rate (the labor force attributed to the population 15 years and over) is 34.5% (54.8% for males against 14.0% for females) for the first quarter of 2020 compared with 35.1% (54.4% for males and 15.0 % for females) for the first quarter of 2019.

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