External Trade

External Trade

External Trade is the clearest language to express the economic relations between various countries which are based on common interests. Therefore, the government endeavors constantly to develop advanced scientific methods that can lead towards a better future in the best and distinct manner. The Jordanian government has exerted all possible efforts to develop the methods used in its institutions and departments to achieve the highest standards. They include the Department of Statistics (DoS) and the General Customs Department which are closely associated with the External Trade Division at the (DoS).

A number of governmental procedures have been taken to facilitate this process with the aim to help the citizens and improve planning and economic feasibility of projects by providing a data base on External Trade figures (imports, exports and re- exports by category and country and other statistical tables related to transit and Jordan’s external trade for several years…etc.), within certain coding and edit rules in order to provide the decision makers and researchers with a comprehensive accurate database.

The External Trade Division main task is to provide statistical information on the External Trade Statistics by type of trade (National Exports and Imports and Re- Exports) according to (HS) Code and other tables and provides information to the beneficiaries of the decision makers, investors and researchers through the database on foreign trade.

The Division also Extracts the results in a monthly reports and provides detailed data base as well as publishing annual publiations on CDs.The data are also displayed on the Web Site ( www.dos.gov.jo  ) for Data Users.

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Aims of External Trade

External trade division aims to:

  1. Issue monthly reports and comprehensive annual publication reports covering External trade Statistics.
  2. Providing a comprehensive statistical database for External Trade Statistics monthly   and annual reports by commodity and countries.
  3. Monitoring of trade exchange between countries (The trade balance).
  4. Providing the searchers, planners and decision makers with accurate information’s about External Trade.

Data sources of External Trade Statistics

  1. Customs diclarations issued by the Jordanian Customs Department,.through the Customs offices linked to the system computerization of customs procedures which is called (AsycudaWorld System ).Asycuda World is an Automated System for Customs Data and aims to raise the efficiency of collection and contributing to trade liberalization by simplifying customs procedures and reduce the time needed for cargo clearance system, as it includes advanced concepts. This system also provides accurate administrative statistics and information  required for good planning .
  2. Customs data from the Centers not computerized (paper copies)and the monthly reports from companies such as (Potash Company, Phosphate, and the Jordanian Petroleum Refinery Company, Royal Jordanian, the National Electricity Company, and the Ministry of Agriculture and the Indian company).The data related to the main commodities of these companies are considered as an official data by our Department .

Functions Of Workers At The Foreign Trade Division

There are (9) persons working at the Foreign Trade Division .They provide statistical information on foreign trade statistics, by bringing data from the customs offices and from the other uncomputerized  offices at the  Jordanian Customs Department Data are sorted by customs offices individually and by type of trade , Exports , Imports , Re-Exports and by month.

These data are coded, edited, and entered into PCs for data processing. After that a final detailed listing for each of exports, re-exports and imports are extracted using the program Oracle Thus Extracted results are published in monthly reports and stored in  adetailed database and annual CD.

Phases and Working Mechanism Of The External Trade Division

The first stage :

Sorting of the customs declarations:-

  1. Guide tariff ( HS), to be issued in the last year of work where all amendments and changes should be taken into consideration .Since the establishment of the Department of Statistics, the Eternal Trade Division has been using the old tariff (BTN) of the Customs Cooperation Council, until the end of the year 1993, when the DoS has switched to use the new customs tariff system (HS) issued by the World Trade Organization since the beginning of the year 1994 till now, leading the situation to be clarified and more detailed of the goods and this also led to the ease in the classification of goods and identify customs duties which led to reduced controversy between the traders and the Customs Department .
  2. List of countries.
  3. Customs Offices Guide.
  4. Guide for Measuring of  Quantities.
  5. Guide for Means of Transport and Nationality.
  6. Guide for the Currency used.

Sorting of computerized customs data (ASY):-

The programmer in the IT Directorate at the Department, after reciving  the file of External Trade Statistics from the Customs Department transfers the Text File into a program based Oracle.

After selecting the statistical fields from that file, the programmer sorts the information contained therein into exports, imports, re-exports and transit and  by year, month and Customs office.

Second stage:

Checking the data at the Office:-

Checking the data is done at his Division in case of detecting of errors related to the process of coding, or country of origin.

This is done for  the data sent by the offices where data are not computorized. As for the computerized data, they are checked and corrected through linking with the Modem (connected to the main Server at the  Jordanian Customs Department).

Third stage:

Data entry:-

The coded Customs Declarations are entered into PCs by data entry staff using pre-desinged  program (Oracle), where  data listing  is extracted.

For the monthly reports provided by the large companies, (Potash Company, Phosphate Company, the Jordan Petrolium Refinary Company, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Royal Jordanian, , the Indian company,  the National Electricity Company ) these reports will be coded and tabulated and  to be incorporated  with the other data.

Forth Stage :

Checking Lists (manual):

Lists shall be distributed to the auditors according to the type of disclosure (issued, imported, re-exported) provided that the above conditions are met by the auditor.

Fifth Stage :

Amendment to the Lists:

The errors are corrected in the reports from both sources and the extraction of new Lists are checked in the same way and in the case of errors either through the coding mechanism or from the input data and then the extraction of statements for the third time.

At this stage the data must be revised at a high rate where he Checkers re-check and verify the data in them.

Aims of External Trade

External trade division aims to:

  1. Issue monthly reports and comprehensive annual publication reports covering External trade Statistics.
  2. Providing a comprehensive statistical database for External Trade Statistics monthly   and annual reports by commodity and countries.
  3. Monitoring of trade exchange between countries (The trade balance).
  4. Providing the searchers, planners and decision makers with accurate information’s about External Trade.

Data sources of External Trade Statistics

  1. Customs diclarations issued by the Jordanian Customs Department,.through the Customs offices linked to the system computerization of customs procedures which is called (AsycudaWorld System ).Asycuda World is an Automated System for Customs Data and aims to raise the efficiency of collection and contributing to trade liberalization by simplifying customs procedures and reduce the time needed for cargo clearance system, as it includes advanced concepts. This system also provides accurate administrative statistics and information  required for good planning .
  2. Customs data from the Centers not computerized (paper copies)and the monthly reports from companies such as (Potash Company, Phosphate, and the Jordanian Petroleum Refinery Company, Royal Jordanian, the National Electricity Company, and the Ministry of Agriculture and the Indian company).The data related to the main commodities of these companies are considered as an official data by our Department .

Functions Of Workers At The Foreign Trade Division

There are (9) persons working at the Foreign Trade Division .They provide statistical information on foreign trade statistics, by bringing data from the customs offices and from the other uncomputerized  offices at the  Jordanian Customs Department Data are sorted by customs offices individually and by type of trade , Exports , Imports , Re-Exports and by month.

These data are coded, edited, and entered into PCs for data processing. After that a final detailed listing for each of exports, re-exports and imports are extracted using the program Oracle Thus Extracted results are published in monthly reports and stored in  adetailed database and annual CD.

Phases and Working Mechanism Of The External Trade Division

The first stage :

Sorting of the customs declarations:-

  1. Guide tariff ( HS), to be issued in the last year of work where all amendments and changes should be taken into consideration .Since the establishment of the Department of Statistics, the Eternal Trade Division has been using the old tariff (BTN) of the Customs Cooperation Council, until the end of the year 1993, when the DoS has switched to use the new customs tariff system (HS) issued by the World Trade Organization since the beginning of the year 1994 till now, leading the situation to be clarified and more detailed of the goods and this also led to the ease in the classification of goods and identify customs duties which led to reduced controversy between the traders and the Customs Department .
  2. List of countries.
  3. Customs Offices Guide.
  4. Guide for Measuring of  Quantities.
  5. Guide for Means of Transport and Nationality.
  6. Guide for the Currency used.

Sorting of computerized customs data (ASY):-

The programmer in the IT Directorate at the Department, after reciving  the file of External Trade Statistics from the Customs Department transfers the Text File into a program based Oracle.

After selecting the statistical fields from that file, the programmer sorts the information contained therein into exports, imports, re-exports and transit and  by year, month and Customs office.

Second stage:

Checking the data at the Office:-

Checking the data is done at his Division in case of detecting of errors related to the process of coding, or country of origin.

This is done for  the data sent by the offices where data are not computorized. As for the computerized data, they are checked and corrected through linking with the Modem (connected to the main Server at the  Jordanian Customs Department).

Third stage:

Data entry:-

The coded Customs Declarations are entered into PCs by data entry staff using pre-desinged  program (Oracle), where  data listing  is extracted.

For the monthly reports provided by the large companies, (Potash Company, Phosphate Company, the Jordan Petrolium Refinary Company, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Royal Jordanian, , the Indian company,  the National Electricity Company ) these reports will be coded and tabulated and  to be incorporated  with the other data.

Forth Stage :

Checking Lists (manual):

Lists shall be distributed to the auditors according to the type of disclosure (issued, imported, re-exported) provided that the above conditions are met by the auditor.

Fifth Stage :

Amendment to the Lists:

The errors are corrected in the reports from both sources and the extraction of new Lists are checked in the same way and in the case of errors either through the coding mechanism or from the input data and then the extraction of statements for the third time.

At this stage the data must be revised at a high rate where he Checkers re-check and verify the data in them.

  1. The value of total exports.
  2. The national exports value.
  3. The value of re-exports.
  4. The imports value.
  5. The deficit in the trade balance.

Extracting monthly report

The Monthly Report Contains:-

Introduction: included in the total value of exports and imports and re-exports and the growth rate and the trade balance deficit for the month period, includes:-

1-Table of national exports by most countries exported to.

2– Table of national exports, as the most important commodities exported to.

3– Table for Re-export as most countries

4– Table for Re-export the most important commodities exported to

5– Table of imports by major importing countries.

6-Table of  imports as the most important commodity

Summary report and analysis of foreign trade during the period from the beginning of the year until this month for the current year, compared with the same period of last year and during the current month compared with the same month last year, said the most important countries in respect of goods (exports national re-exports, imports).

A brief report on the balance of trade during the period from the beginning of this year until this month, compared with the same period of last year and this month for the current year, compared with the same month last year.

And be provided by the competent authorities, and is also compiling these reports to be used in the annual bulletin issued annually in the three structural parts distributed to the owners of the relationship.

Annual Bulletin

The three sections of the Bulletin are based on statistical tables of national exports, re-exports and imports according to customs tariff classes, economic purposes, transport and clearance, as well as statistical tables of national exports by type, country of destination, country of destination and Categories.
Destination, imports by category, country of origin and category, as well as other statistical tables in Jordanian Transit and Foreign Trade for several years.

Data Bank

Tables: External Trade 

Source : Department of Statistics

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